• ecca group south africa coal
  • Coal Minerals Council South Africa

    South Africa's coal resources are contained in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, and date from the Permian period between 280 and 250 Ma. In general terms, they are largely loed in the northeastern quarter of the country.

  • Major Mines & Projects Impunzi Mine

    The Ecca Group consists predominantly of sandstone, siltstone, shale and coal. The Vryheid Formation in the Ecca Group contains five bituminous coal seams, numbered as No. 1 to No. 5 from bottom to top. The No. 2, No. 4 and No. 5 seams are the most economical coal seams to

  • Coal Mining in Africa

    COAL MINING – SUPPLYING ENERGY TO AFRICA
  • Palynological records of the Permian Ecca Group (South

    Nov 01, 2014 · The Karoo Basin hosts important coal resources of South Africa (Johnson et al., 1997, Cairncross, 2001). The Witbank coal field comprises the basin's northeastern and most economic coal deposits (Snyman, 1998) with 5 coal seams (coal seams 1–5 in ascending order) that belong stratigraphically to the Vryheid Formation.

    Cited by: 26
  • A provisional basinal study of the WaterbergKaroo, South

    A provisional basinal study of the WaterbergKaroo, South Africa by MTIMKULU NHLANHLA MTIMKULU A thesis submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTERS IN SCIENCE in GEOLOGY in the FACULTY OF NATURAL AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES of the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA SUPERVISORS: Prof. PG ERIKSSON and Dr. AJ BUMBY July 2009

  • Ecca Group WikiVisually

    Almost all of South Africa's coal resources and onethird of the coal resources in the Southern Hemisphere are in rocks of the Ecca Group. The sandstones of Ecca Group are composed mainly of quartz (24.3%), feldspar (19.3%), and rock fragments (26.1%). Ecca sandstones are compositionally immature and can be classified as fledspathic wacke and

  • Characterization of the coal resources of South Africa

    The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy FEBRUARY 2005 95 Introduction Coal currently provides 73% of South Africa's primary energy 95% of the country's electricity is coalfired thermal generation, while 's coal conversion technology provides half South Africa's liquid fuels requirement.

  • The Coalfields of SouthCentral Africa: A Current Perspective

    The Coalfields of SouthCentral Africa: A Current Perspective P. J. Hancox University of the Witwatersrand, School of Geosciences and Evolutionary Studies Institute, Private Bag 3, 2050 Wits, South Africa. Email: [email protected] Africa is host to coal deposits str etching from the far north to the far south and ranging in age from the

  • Mining Weekly Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa

    Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa. The coal deposit forms part of the Ecca group and eleven coalbearing zones can be distinguished. The coal seams mined at Grootegeluk form part of the

  • The spontaneous combustion of coal and its byproducts in

    The spontaneous combustion of coal and its byproducts in the Witbank and burg coalfields of South Africa J. Denis N. Ponea, Kim A.A. Heinb,⁎, Glenn B. Stracherc, Harold J. Annegarnd, Robert B. Finklemane, Donald R. Blakef, John K. McCormackg, Paul Schroederh a Energy and GeoEnvironmental Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 228 Housler Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA

    Published in: International Journal of Coal Geology · 2007Authors: J Denis N Pone · Kim A A Hein · Glenn B Stracher · Harold J Annegarn · Robert B FinAffiliation: Pennsylvania State University · University of the Witwatersrand · East Georgia State CAbout: Coal · Clay minerals · Arsenic · Gypsum · Carbon dioxide · Illite
  • Mining Weekly Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa

    Grootegeluk Coal Mine, South Africa. The coal deposit forms part of the Ecca group and eleven coalbearing zones can be distinguished. The coal seams mined at Grootegeluk form part of the

  • The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coal

    International Journal of Coal Geology, 23 ( 1993 ) 117157 117 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coalbearing deposits of southern Africa A.B. Cadle a, B. Cairncross b, A.D.M. Christie c,~ and D.L. Roberts c a Geology Department, Witwatersrand University, P 0 Wits 2050, South Africa b Geology Department, RandAfrikaans

  • Welcome to GeoPoint Africa

    Mount Mgwibi Colliery is being developed as a medium to large scale coal project in Vryheid, KZN, South Africa. Exploration has confirmed an insitu resource of over 31 million tonnes. In fill drilling shall be conducted targeting all other seams such as Dundas, Coking, etc.

  • Dale Packham CEO Ecca Mining Group LinkedIn

    View Dale Packham's profile on LinkedIn, the world's largest professional community. CEO Ecca Mining Group Johannesburg Area, South Africa Mining & Metals. Ecca Mining Group. Ecca Investments. Union College Pretoria. Company Website. Dale Packham. CEO Ecca Mining Group. company placeholder image. CEO at Ecca Mining Group.

  • Assessment of the influence of coal mining on groundwater

    Coal mining in different coalfields in South Africa is known for decades (≈146 years) and its economic In South Africa, most rural communities in areas such Limpopo, Northern Cape and Northwest consisting of the Madzaringwe and Mikambeni Formations of the Ecca Group, is approximately 250 m thick, with a basal zone, 25 to 34 m thick

  • The Coalfields of SouthCentral Africa: A Current Perspective

    The Coalfields of SouthCentral Africa: A Current Perspective P. J. Hancox University of the Witwatersrand, School of Geosciences and Evolutionary Studies Institute, Private Bag 3, 2050 Wits, South Africa. Email: [email protected] Africa is host to coal deposits str etching from the far north to the far south and ranging in age from the

  • XIX. SOUTH AFRICA advres

    XIX. South Africa EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment June, 2013 XIX2 The Permianage Ecca Group, with its organicrich source rocks in the Lower Ecca Formation, is the primary shale formation addressed by this assessment. Of particular interest

  • ecca group south africa coal woneninschoonoord

    ecca group south africa coal , Geochemical evaluation of source rocks within the upper Ecca, main The Karoo in South Africa is an area in which petroleum studies are being reviewed with .

  • Rocks for Crops 257 South Africa

    Rocks for Crops 257 South Africa Total population (2001 estimate): 43,586,097 include glacial sediments of the Dwyka Group, coalbearing strata of the Ecca Group, thick sandstone formations (Beaufort Group) and extensive, up to 1,400 m thick, sequences of basaltic lavas. South Africa has a highlydeveloped domestic and export oriented

  • SOUTH AFRICAN COAL SECTOR REPORT energy.gov.za

    completed to determine economic viability and based on a mine plan, can the coal be classified as a coal reserve. South Africa's coal resources are contained in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup. There are 19 coalfields in the country and they are largely loed in the north

  • Ecca Group South Africa Coal royalrajasthanonwheels.co

    South Africa's coal occurs in the Ecca group (coloured mustard yellow). These rocks were deposited in a vast inland lake or sea, Coal in South Africa topic. Major Mines & Projects New Denmark Mine. South Africa. Data Access confirms completion of the sale of its Eskomtied domestic thermal coal operations in South Africa The larger Ecca Group,

  • Brakfontein Thermal Coal Project Mining Technology

    The Brakfontein coal project is an openpit mine loed in the Delmas district, east of Johannesburg in Mpumalanga, South Africa. Universal Coal Development III, a joint venture between Universal Coal and Energy Holding South Africa (50.29%) and Unity Rocks Mining (49.7%), holds the right to mine and operate the project.

  • Middelburg Mine Services, South Africa miningweekly

    Loion: The mine is situated about 20 km south of Middelburg, in Mpumalanga. Brief history: Duvha Opencast was established in 1979 to supply the Duvha Power Station. Middelburg Mine Services

  • Soutpansberg The forgotten basin Foundation

    "The Forgotten Basin" Ecca Group Fripp Formation Mikambeni Formation Madzaringwe Formation SOUTH AFRICA PAFURI Cape Town Johannesburg Durban LOCALITY WITHIN SOUTH AFRICA AREA OF INTEREST Main export corridors (South Africa) Coal of Africa Limited 2nd Floor, GabbaBuilding, The Campus

  • Middelburg Mine Services, South Africa miningweekly

    Loion: The mine is situated about 20 km south of Middelburg, in Mpumalanga. Brief history: Duvha Opencast was established in 1979 to supply the Duvha Power Station. Middelburg Mine Services

  • The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coal

    The Karoo Basin of South Africa: type basin for the coalbearing deposits of southern Africa. of the coalbearing Ecca Group in this region (Fig. 1).

    Published in: International Journal of Coal Geology · 1993Authors: A B Cadle · B Cairncross · A D M Christie · David RobertsAffiliation: University of the Witwatersrand · Rand Afrikaans UniversityAbout: Coal mining · Palaeogeography · Swamp · Paleozoic · Paleoclimatology · Mesozoic
  • Rocks for Crops 257 South Africa

    Rocks for Crops 257 South Africa Total population (2001 estimate): 43,586,097 include glacial sediments of the Dwyka Group, coalbearing strata of the Ecca Group, thick sandstone formations (Beaufort Group) and extensive, up to 1,400 m thick, sequences of basaltic lavas. South Africa has a highlydeveloped domestic and export oriented

  • Karoo Supergroup Wikipedia

    The Karoo Supergroup is the most widespread stratigraphic unit in Africa south of the Kalahari Desert.The supergroup consists of a sequence of units, mostly of nonmarine origin, deposited between the Late Carboniferous and Early Jurassic, a period of about 120 million years.. In southern Africa, rocks of the Karoo Supergroup cover almost two thirds of the present land surface, including all of

  • Coal in South Africa Wikipedia

    The largest coal deposits in South Africa are to be found in the Ecca deposits, a stratum of the Karoo Supergroup, dating from the Permian period, between 280 and 250 Ma.The Ecca Group is extensive, covering around two thirds of South Africa (much of it covered by slightly younger rocks

  • South Africa proved coal reserves 2017 Statistic

    This statistic represents proved coal reserves in South Africa in 2011 to 2017. In 2017, proved coal reserves (anthracite and bituminous coal) amounted to approximately 9.9 billion metric tons here.

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